OCS Inventory-NG has released version 2.04. Now is a good time to upgrade the server and agents to get the latest bug patches. Download the latest from here. Look for future posts on upgrading from 2.01 to 2.04.
Welcome to part 3 of the series on Installing OCS Inventory NG. In this part of the series we will cover installing the UNIX Agent on CentOS 6 (RHEL 6.0 based).
Note: OCS Inventory NG Agent for Linux can only be installed locally and cannot be deployed using package manager.
Now let’s get started and download the agent from here.
For Linux / Unix these are the required modules.
- Perl module XML::Simple
- Perl module Compress::Zlib
- Perl module Net::IP
- Perl module LWP::UserAgent
- Perl module Digest::MD5
- Perl Module Net::SSLeay
- Perl Module Mac::SysProfile is need on MacOSX
lspci on Linux and *BSD (pciutils package)
C/C++ compiler like GNU GCC
- Perl module Proc::Daemon
- Perl module Proc::PID::File if Proc::Daemon is installed
- Perl module Net::SNMP
- Perl module Nmap::Parser
- Perl module Module::Install
- Perl module Net::CUPS
- Perl module perl-cpan
Nmap (v3.90 or superior)
Now that we know what we need for the installation, let’s get started in getting them installed. As noted in OCS Inventory Ng Part 1 we need to have the EPEL repository installed. If you do not have it installed you can do so by following the following instructions.
Go to http://http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL and download and install the EPEL release based on your distribution release. In this example we are running 6.0 release, so EL6 is the chosen package. After installing you are ready to proceed.
Open a terminal session and run the following command to install the prerequisites.
$ sudo yum install perl-XML-Simple perl-Compress-Zlib perl-Net-IP perl-libwww-perl perl-Digest-HAMC perl-Digest-SHA1 perl-Net-SSLeay
perl-Crypt-SSLeay perl-Net-SNMP perl-Proc-Daemon perl-Proc-PID-File pciutils smartmontools monitor-edid
We will also need build utilities as well
$ sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools" # This will ensure that you have all the required tools for the build.
$ sudo yum install ncurses-devel # This is required to enable a make *config command to execute correctly.
$ sudo yum install qt-devel # This is only necessary if you wish to use make xconfig instead of make gconfig or make menuconfig.
Any dependencies needed will be downloaded and installed. Now we are ready to install the agent.
Change to the directory where you downloaded the agent an un-tar it and change into the directory.
$ tar –xvf Ocsinventory-Unix-Agent-2.0.1.tar.gz
$ cd Ocsinventory-Unix-Agent-2.0.1
No lets build and install it using perl
$ perl Makefile.pl
$ sudo make install
A check for PERL interpreter binary, C/C++ compiler and make utility is made during installation. If one of these components is not found, setup will stop.
Setup will check for:
- dmidecode binary.
- Compress::Zlib PERL module
- XML::Simple PERL module
- Net::IP PERL module
- LWP::UserAgent PERL module
- Digest::MD5 PERL module
- Net::SSLeay PERL module
If not found, it will ask you if you wish to install it. Enter “y” or validate to enable install of required component. If you enter “n”, setup will stop here.
Configuration begin. Choice to configure agent now or later.
Select the path of configuration file directory
Validation to create the directory, and definition of OCS Inventory NG server address (IP address or hoshtname.domain)
You will then have to choose between 3 methods for generating inventory:
- http: computer is connected to the network and is able to reach the Communication server with HTTP protocol. USED BY DEFAULT
- https: computer is connected to the network and is able to reach the Communication server with HTTPS protocol. You have to configure SSL on your OCS Server and copy the SSL certificate on the agent directory to use this method
- local: computer is not connected to the network and inventory will be generated in a file to manually send to OCS Inventory NG operator. This option must be set manually in ocsinventory-agent.conf like this :
For two others methods :
Syntax : http[s]://ocsinventory-ng-server[:port]/ocsinventory
ocsserver.domains.local https://w.x.y.z ocsserver.domains.local:1234 https://ocsserver.domains.local
Choice to use or not apache auth, and possibility to define an administrative tag
Choice to create or not a cron task, definition and validation of agent files directory
Choice to remove or not the old agent version
Choice to use or not software deployment feature, SNMP scans feature and send an inventory
If Accountinfo file doesn’t exist, it will be created, and the inventory will be sent to the server
Now we have a Windows and a Linux agent installed and they have both reported inventory to the management server. Next part we start exploring the interface and some of the features of OCS Inventory NG.
As we continue deploying OCS Inventory NG in our network we now must install the agents on our Windows and Linux systems. We at least need to get the agent installed on one Windows system to use the packaging system to deploy the packages. For this post we will just show how to install the agents. Let’s start with installation of a Windows agent.
Download the Windows agent from here and unzip the file. Once the file has been extracted, double-click on OCS-NG-Windows-Agent-Setup.exe to start the installation.
The installation wizard will start running, click next to move forward.
Click I Agree to agree to the license agreement.
Now we are at the choose components screen. We will leave the default selections that are selected for us and click next to continue.
Now we are prompted for the address or FQDN (Fully Quailified Domain Name) of the OCS Inventory NG Communication server. Enter in the correct value for your installation. This should look like http://your_OCS_server/ocsinventory. Leave the validate certificates box checked and click next.
Next we have choices for the agent itself. By default none of the boxes are checked. If this is good for you then, click next to continue on with the install. For our installation I have chosen to Do not register Systray applet and Immediately launch inventory boxes.
Next choose destination folder, “C:\Program Files\OCS Inventory Agent” by default (“C:\Program Files (x86)\OCS Inventory Agent” under Windows 64 bits), and click “Install” button. The installation will progress and will bring up a Finish screen when complete. Click “Finish” button to close OCS inventory NG Agent Setup.
For verification that the system has logged in just open http://your_OCS_server/ocreports, click on the All Computers icon and the system should be in the table that is displayed.
Stay tuned for part 3 where we will cover installing the Linux agent.
With a small office and on a budget needed to find a way to manage our amassing computer equipment. Enter in OCS Inventory NG (Open Computer and Software Inventory Next Generation)
OCS Inventory NG is an application designed to help a network or system administrator keep track of the computers configuration and software that are installed on the network. OCS Inventory is also able to detect all active devices on your network, such as switch, router, network printer and unattended devices. As a bonus, it also includes package deployment and is expandable for the Enterprise.
Some of the many features are:
- Powerful deployment system allowing to distribute software installation or scripts on computers without overloading the network.
Web Administration Console
- Multiple operating systems support, including Microsoft Windows, Linux, *BSD, Sun Solaris, IBM AIX, HP-UX, MacOS X.
- 3-Tier architecture using current standards, HTTP/HTTPS protocol and XML data formatting.
- Web service accessible through SOAP interface.
- Plugins support through API.
- Network scan
- Synchronization with GLPI
For our network we will be installing OCS Inventory NG on a RHEL 6 server and agents installed on Windows and Linux servers and several NAS and Network devices to be discovered. Since we have a small network a single OCS Management server is all we will require to handle the duties.
The current version at the time of writing is 2.01 and there are several pieces to install. The main part on the server is OCS Inventory NG Server, the OCS Inventory NG Agents and OCS Inventory NG Tools. All can be downloaded from OCS Inventory NG Downloads page.
Install OCS Inventory NG Server
First step is to install OCS Inventory NG Server. There are 4 parts to the server which are Database Server (MySQL), Communication server, Administration console and Deployment server. All 4 components can be hosted on the same server or split onto separate servers, for our installation we are installing all 4 components on one server.
OCS Inventory NG Server requirements are:
- Apache version 1.3.33 or higher / Apache version 2.0.46 or higher.
- Mod_perl version 1.29 or higher.
- Mod_php version 4.3.2 or higher.
- PHP 4.3.2 or higher, with ZIP and GD support enabled.
- PERL 5.6 or higher.
- Perl module XML::Simple version 2.12 or higher.
- Perl module Compress::Zlib version 1.33 or higher.
- Perl module DBI version 1.40 or higher.
- Perl module DBD::Mysql version 2.9004 or higher.
- Perl module Apache::DBI version 0.93 or higher.
- Perl module Net::IP version 1.21 or higher.
- Perl module SOAP::Lite version 0.66 or higher (optional)
- MySQL version 4.1.0 or higher with InnoDB engine active.
- Make utility such as GNU make.
During the installation OCS will check and prompt if it sees any requirements missing.
Now we need to install the requirements in which some of the requirements will need EPEL repository available for installation. Follow the link to install and update your repos.
Now that we have our repositories in order we can install the Perl modules and packages needed. First install communication server required Perl modules.
$ sudo yum install perl-XML-Simple perl-Compress-Zlib perl-DBI perl-DBD-MySQL perl-Apache-DBI perl-Net-IP perl-SOAP-Lite mod_perl
Any dependencies will be installed after running the command.
Next piece is to install the Administration console required PHP modules.
$ sudo yum install –y php-common php-gd
Now lets start the installation of OCS Inventory NG Server module.
Move the downloaded tar file to directory you want it to live, I have chosen /opt and un-tar it.
$ sudo cp OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER-2.0.1.tar.gz /opt/
$ cd /opt
$ sudo tar –xvzf OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER-2.0.1.tar.gz
$ cd OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER-2.0.1
Time to fire off the installation.
$sudo sh setup.sh
Type “y” or “enter” to validate and then enter in the MySQL server properties. If all is ok then enter in the MySQL port 3306, which is the default and press enter.
Enter in or validate the path to the Apache daemon binary, which is usually /usr/sbin/httpd.
Enter or validate the path to the Apache main configuration file, usually /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
Enter or validate the Apache daemon running user account, which is apache for RedHat.
Enter in or validate the Apache include configuration directory, normally /etc/httpd/conf.d. Enter in or validate the location of Perl binaries, usually /usr/bin/perl.
Next the installation will attempt to determine the version of mod_perl running on the system. If installed it will move ahead, if there are multiple then it will ask what version you have, make the correct selection and move along. Next the installation will ask you where you want to store the debugging/tuning logs. Press enter to select the defaults. If all is ok, setup will install Communication Server.
Communicator server will complete and you will be prompted to install Administration console. Answer yes to proceed.
You will be prompted for location to install the PHP web console files and complete the installation.
$ sudo /etc/init.d/httpd restart
Configuring Communication server
Open a browser and go to http://localhost/ocsreports/install.php. This will open up the Administration server and ask for database connection properties for creating the MySQL database.
- Fill in information to connect to MySQL database server with a user who has the ability to create database, tables, indexes, etc (usually root):
MySQL user name
MySQL user password
Setup actions :
- Create ocsweb database, and will add MySQL user ocs with password ocs.
- Grant to user ocs privileges Select | Insert | Update | Delete | Create | Drop | References | Index | Alter | Create temp | Lock on database ocsweb.
Setup is now complete and you can login to http://localhost/ocsreports as user id admin and password admin. Once logged in change the password on the users section. You will also see a warning stating install.php exists in your installation directory. Rename or delete /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/install.php.
You will also see a warning to change the password for the ocs user created during the database configuration portion. Connect to your mysql instance and change the password for ocs user.
$ mysql –u root –p
mysql> set password for ‘ocs’@'localhost’ = PASSWORD(‘newpass’);
mysql> set password for ‘ocs’@'%’ = PASSWORD(‘newpass’);
Next the need to update the ocs user password in the database connection files. The first is the /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/dbconfig.inc.php. Chane the define("PSWD_BASE","ocs"); line and save the file
Also need to change the PerlSetVar OCS_DB_PWD line in the /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf file. Once the changes are completed restart apache. We now have a working installation.
Be looking for part 2 of the series where we will cover installing the Agents for Windows and Linux!!!
Found a simple PHP /MySQL solution for tracking Inventory parts to fit a need to track spare computer parts.
PHP Inventory is free, open-source, web-based inventory tracking solution, designed to provide small businesses the efficiency of large companies.
Inventory Control reduces costly inventory errors, improves customer service, and will increase the value of your business. PHP Inventory is easy to use and implement without the cost or complexity of larger inventory tracking systems.
Download the zip file from http://www.phpwares.com/content/php-inventory to your server and unzip to /var/www/html.
$ cp php-inventory_1.2.zip /var/www/html/
$ sudo unzip php-inventory_1.2.zip
$ sudo mv php-inventory/ inventory/
Php-inventory requires MySQL database to be setup. To keep with good practices we should setup an MySQL user and make that user the owner of the database.
Open a terminal and connect to the MySQL database. The passwords are made up and you should use your own.
$ mysql -u root -p
mysql> CREATE DATABASE `inventory` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;
mysql> CREATE USER 'phpinv'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'phpMy1nv';
mysql> CREATE USER 'phpinv'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'phpMy1nv';
mysql> GRANT ALL ON `inventory` . * TO 'phpinv'@'localhost';
mysql> GRANT ALL ON `inventory` . * TO 'phpinv'@'%';
Now that we have a database created and permissions set we need to run the supplied sql code. This is easiest to do this with phpMyAdmin or at the command line with MySQL. For ease of use I will be using phpMyAdmin.
Login to phpMyAdmin and click on the inventory database. Open site.sql with a text editor and select all , copy the text. Click on the SQL tab in phpMyAdmin and paste the contents in and click on the Go button. You should see a message stating your code executed successfully and on the left you will now see 7 new tables.Open site.xml and edit the database section with your database details.
Change the title of the system edit line 8 of templatesadminlayout.htm between the <title> tags.
Open a browser and go to http://localhost/inventory/index.php and login with username of admin with a password of test, after login be sure to change the passwords for the admin and regular user.
Add this to your “.htaccess” file to prevent viewing of the xml config file.
</Files ~ ".xml">
Deny from all
Note: They are currently working on a version 2 of the code and are looking for testers.